In the 19th Century, when federal legisation was first enacted regarding the Criminal Code: Crimes Against Animals Section in Canada, animals were viewed as property. They were put into the same category as furniture or machinery, able to be bought and sold with no strings attached and with the assumption that the right of ownership conferred absolute control over the lives involved.
This was allowed because general assumptions in that era were that animals had no souls and, therefore, that they were subhuman, unable to experience pain or feelings. Animal abuse was generally ignored in courts of law.
Nowadays, in the 21st Century, we know better. Both anecdoteally and scientifically, the proof is overwhelming: animals are sentient creatures, just like humans are. Both feel pain, both experience loss and both welcome pleasure.
So, what are we to do with these facts? They are impossible to ignore and they are the reason why we are so frustrated in our attempts to revise and amend the 19th Century legislation. Attempts at change revolve around penalties and definitions of ‘wilful neglect’ when they should, firstly, address the basic assumptions. Owning something that is called ‘property’ requires no particular ethical behaviour on the part of the owner. Caring for a sentient creature demands an entirely different degree of responsibility and suggests a need for effective controls over aberrant behaviour on the part of the care giver.
The reality of sentience forces one to make a dramatic shift in standards and expectations when it comes to relations with the other animals on this earth.
What does its general acceptance mean to our country’s approach to matters of animal welfare?
Sandra Pady, DSC Executive Director
They are a jennet and her foal and they are alive today because a few people cared enough to intervene. The donkeys were living on a farm in Ontario where the owners were only in residence on weekends. The fact that there was no one on site for much of the time was the first milepost on the road to neglect and abuse. The second was reached when the owners failed to leave food and water before a significant snowfall occurred. The third, as bad as the others, was that the donkeys had no shelter.
Fortunately, for these helpless creatures, some observant neighbours recognized that the animals were in need and so they contacted the local SPCA. Days passed while proper procedures were followed; a notice of abandonment had to be posted; and then, finally, the donkeys were trailered to safety and proper medical care, both weak and emaciated and the mother unable to stand.
We will wait to see if the owners are held responsible for their care-less behaviour.
In the meantime, it is best for us to concentrate on the heroic actions of the rescuers. They were determined that the donkeys should be moved to safety and allowed to live under positive conditions of care. These people did not give up and they stayed as closely involved as they could while the legal process ground on. These responsible citizens deserve our highest praise.
Sometimes we have to push and push in order to save animals’ lives.
Sandra Pady, DSC Executive Director
It’s such a familiar image: a little donkey carrying a pregnant woman on its back, while a man walks ahead, hand lightly on the rein. The next scene, of course, is the interior of a stable where several animals, the donkey included, surround a manger that holds the new born child. A child destined to become a man whose message would change the world.
I have often marvelled at the fact that a donkey would be such an integral part of the Christmas story. Then, again, we are told that Mary and Joseph were peasants and so the choice of the donkey becomes clear serving, as it does, to signal their poverty and their insignificant place in the general society.
At the same time, though, there is another dimension to that familiar image. You see, it was thanks to the donkey’s strength and fortitude that the trip could even take place. Without the contribution of that stoical beast of burden, the humans would not have been able to play their part in those awe – some events.
Just by shifting the lens a little, the picture changes and suddenly there is importance, significance where there was none before.
The human effort, worthy as it is, is not everything. We depend on so many other creatures of the earth as we move along the road of life. And now, more than ever before, our future depends on our recognition of the interconnectedness of all beings. Mary and Joseph – and a donkey – made the trip to Bethlehem.
We are new to the world of blogging, but have significant experience in the realm of animal welfare. The Donkey Sanctuary of Canada has been rescuing donkeys, mules and hinnies since 1992, and we are committed to not only the well-being of all animals, but also to the promotion of humane education. We strive to make the world a better place for animals and humans alike. We look forward to sharing our thoughts with you.